Sierra Nevada National Park

Sierra Nevada National Park

27/12/2021
26/12/2022

✏️ Description

The Sierra Nevada Natural Area, made up of the National Park and Natural Park of the same name, is impressive for being an extensive mountainous massif with compact relief and for having the highest peak in the Iberian Peninsula, Mulhacen at 3,479 meters. Integrated in the Penibética mountain range it extends from the southeast of Granada to the western end of Almería. Due to its great variety of landscapes and its exclusive natural values, it has obtained various protection figures. In addition to being a natural park and national park, it is internationally recognized as a Biosphere Reserve. The weather and the difference in altitudes have made it possible for a large number of plants to grow inside, especially adapted to the difficult conditions. In the high mountains, as in the Veleta or in the Tajo de los Machos, in the refuge of rocks and among the natural cracks in the rock, you can enjoy the identification of exclusive species such as the Sierra Nevada violet or the star of the snows. At this altitude there are also beautiful valleys of glacial origin such as Siete Lagunas. At mid-altitude, deciduous forests dominate the landscape, made up of Pyrenean oaks, maples, wild cherry and chestnut trees. These forests change the appearance of the landscape throughout the seasons; during the autumn they begin to lose their leaves and it is the ocher colors that predominate; but nevertheless, with the arrival of spring and the resurgence of new shoots, intense greens are installed. Already in the lower floors there are holm oaks such as the Montenegro and, finally, the riverside forest that accompanies the course of the rivers. This plant and climatic variety determines a great wealth of fauna. In the high mountains you can see the flight of the alpine accentor, the solitary rockers or the red-billed chough. Remaining in silence, among the shadows of the riverside forest, it is possible that the aquatic blackbird, the oriole or the striking kingfisher may appear. The majestic golden eagle, at any moment, can also soar these skies. A large community of mammals such as wild boar, fox, badger and genet live in the shelter of the forest mass and the thick scrub. Among all of them, without a doubt, it is the mountain goat, widespread in these mountain ranges, which can be seen from the Dílar River Valley or from the Poqueira ravine ascending the slopes and at the top of the rocks. The invertebrate community is also representative; There are many species that are unique to this environment, including more than twenty species of butterflies and more than thirty of beetles. Tartessians, Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians and Romans populated these environments, but without a doubt, it was the Arabs who left an important legacy, which still persists in architecture and irrigation systems, such as ditches. Regarding the architecture, the towns of the Alpujarra are striking, characterized by their white houses located on the slopes of the mountains, small windows, flat roofs, slender chimneys and porches called tinaos that cover the road from side to side. Very important is the tourist industry that has developed around this area. Fans of skiing, mountaineering, fishing or hiking find here a suitable place of leisure to enjoy on vacation.

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