Peru

What to know about Peru

🏛️ Lima

The history of Peru spans 10 millennia, extending back through several stages of cultural development along the country’s desert coastline and in the Andes mountains. Peru’s coast was home to the Norte Chico civilization, the oldest civilization in the Americas and one of the six cradles of civilization in the world. When the Spanish arrived in the sixteenth century, Peru was the homeland of the highland Inca Empire, the largest and most advanced state in pre-Columbian America. After the conquest of the Incas, the Spanish Empire established a Viceroyalty with jurisdiction over most of its South American domains. Peru declared independence from Spain in 1821 but achieved independence only after the Battle of Ayacucho three years later.

Featured Peru